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Africa's approach to combating desertification

Updated: Jun 30, 2023

In the arid and semi-arid regions of Africa, desertification poses a significant threat to the environment, economy, and livelihoods of millions of people. The African Green Wall is an ambitious project that aims to combat desertification by planting a continuing strip of trees and vegetation across the Sahel region of Africa. The project is a collaborative effort between 11 countries that stretches from Senegal in the west to Djibouti in the east.


The Sahel region is a vast, arid region stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea, covering a distance of about 5,000 kilometers. It is one of the world's driest and most impoverished regions, with an average rainfall of less than 500 mm per year. The land is arid and infertile, making it difficult for farmers to grow crops and raise livestock. The region is also prone to droughts, famine, and conflicts, making life even more challenging for those there.


The idea is to create a green buffer zone that will help to stop the spread of the desert and provide a barrier against the strong winds that blow across the region. The green wall will also help to increase soil moisture, reduce erosion, and provide shade and shelter for crops, livestock, and people.


The project is not only aimed at combating desertification but also at promoting economic development and social growth. The African Green Wall project aims to create millions of jobs, particularly for women and youth, by developing sustainable agricultural practices, promoting eco-tourism, and generating income from the sale of non-timber forest products such as fruits, nuts, and medicinal plants.


The African Green Wall project is still in its early stages, but it has already achieved significant results. More than 15 million trees have been planted across the region, providing shade and shelter for people, livestock, and crops. The project has also created thousands of jobs, particularly for women and youth, who have been trained in sustainable agricultural practices and provided with seedlings and other resources.


This initiative aims to combat desertification, promote economic development, and create social cohesion in the Sahel region of Africa. The African Green Wall project is a ray of hope for millions of people who live in one of the harshest and most challenging environments in the world.



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