Climate change impacts all living beings, regardless of their shape, size, or gender. However, it is far from gender-neutral and has a disproportionate effect on women, exacerbating existing gender inequality. Women already constitute around 70% of those living in poverty, and a United Nations statistic shows that 80% of people displaced by climate change are women.
In low-income families, women usually work in agriculture, making them highly dependent on natural resources for their livelihood. However, as the climate crisis worsens, women have access to fewer resources. This makes it harder for them to provide for their families and often forces girls to leave school and help out. Pregnant women also face the risk of diseases and pollution caused by climate change, which can have disastrous effects during childbirth.
The effects of climate change go beyond health and economic consequences. Women are often excluded from climate decision-making processes, despite being the ones most affected by it. This exclusion results in policies that do not address gender inequality adequately.
Therefore, acknowledging the gendered impacts of climate change is essential to developing effective solutions that can address the unique needs and challenges faced by women. It is vital to promote women's participation in decision-making processes related to climate change and support their roles as agents of change in sustainable development efforts.